Type 2

What is type 2 diabetes?

(Diabetes: Australian Facts 2008)

  • Marked by the reduction of insulin production or ineffective use
  • Is the most common form of diabetes accounting for 83% of those with diabetes in Australia.
  • Mostly occurs in people over 40 years
  • Becoming increasingly apparent in children.
  • Has a strong genetic (familial) propensity
  • Unmasked by lifestyle factors including obesity and lack of exercise

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme tiredness or feeling lethargic
  • Blurred vision
  • Mood swings

Type 2 diabetes can be managed by:

  • Changes to your diet
  • Increase in exercise
  • Use of glucose lowering drugs or insulin injections, or a combination of both.

With adequate management of type 2 diabetes the likelihood of complications developing is greatly reduced. We recommend you speak to your doctor and investigate all options to ensure you can control your diabetes. Please take a look at some of our success stories about living life to the full with diabetes.

Risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes:

  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Impaired sugar regulation
  • Physical inactivity
  • Age

Facts about diabetes in Australia

  • There are 700,000 people with diagnosed diabetes in Australia in 2005.
  • 83% of these had type 2 diabetes.
  • Is estimated that for every diagnosed case of diabetes there is one undiagnosed case.
  • If left unchecked 1 in 14 adults or 380 million people worldwide will have diabetes by 2025 (IDF 2006). 
  • Australian health ministers agreed in 1996 to make diabetes mellitus a National Health Priority Area.

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