What is type 2 diabetes?
(Diabetes: Australian Facts 2008)
- Marked by the reduction of insulin production or ineffective use
- Is the most common form of diabetes accounting for 83% of those with diabetes in Australia.
- Mostly occurs in people over 40 years
- Becoming increasingly apparent in children.
- Has a strong genetic (familial) propensity
- Unmasked by lifestyle factors including obesity and lack of exercise
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme tiredness or feeling lethargic
- Blurred vision
- Mood swings
Type 2 diabetes can be managed by:
- Changes to your diet
- Increase in exercise
- Use of glucose lowering drugs or insulin injections, or a combination of both.
With adequate management of type 2 diabetes the likelihood of complications developing is greatly reduced. We recommend you speak to your doctor and investigate all options to ensure you can control your diabetes. Please take a look at some of our success stories about living life to the full with diabetes.
Risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes:
- Family history
- Impaired sugar regulation
- Physical inactivity
Facts about diabetes in Australia
- There are 700,000 people with diagnosed diabetes in Australia in 2005.
- 83% of these had type 2 diabetes.
- Is estimated that for every diagnosed case of diabetes there is one undiagnosed case.
- If left unchecked 1 in 14 adults or 380 million people worldwide will have diabetes by 2025 (IDF 2006).
- Australian health ministers agreed in 1996 to make diabetes mellitus a National Health Priority Area.